gëzik ta mbangara ta kë ndahay më mburum
Midden they treat+me they particle+of+specification people in community
The villagers treated me like rubbish (as I had no child)

Mase Dlanyera - 922333
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This page offers access to a variety of sources on Sukur. First of these is a bibliography of published, archival, and World Wide Web materials relating to Sukur and its neighbors.

Second, we have attempted to provide easy access to our own and other published texts that relate directly to Sukur. The former group includes (a) papers available on this site and b) references to papers and books that are available online. The first category includes original papers published only on this website and versions of other papers in the final form they were submitted to the editors of journals. Texts in the latter category are not facsimiles of the published works but the content differs only in minor editorial detail, pagination, and illustrations (which we have however reproduced separately wherever possible). The edited volume Metals in Mandara Mountains Society and Culture is an exception in that it is reproduced from digital proofs.

Available on this site

Anthony Kirk-Greene's (1960) seminal paper "The kingdom of Sukur - a Northern Nigerian Ichabod" is available in .pdf format by kind permission of the author and the editorial board of the Nigerian Field.

Sterner J. and N. David. 2007-2008. The case for the Mandara Mountain International Peace Park. Borno Museum Society Newsletter 72/73 & 74/75: 41-50. The typescript is available. We are also posting a PowerPoint presentation converted into a .pdf file on the same topic: MandaraPark2010.pdf.

Three documents posted in 2012 relating to Hamman Yaji, Lamido Madagali, a notorious slaver who ravaged the mountain peoples in the first fifth of the 20th century. These include:

1. Reed, Captain L.N. (translator) 1927. 'Translation of Diary of Hamman Yaji, D.A. Madagali 1912-1927.' National Archives Kaduna: Yolaprof:ACC-14.
This is our transcription from a photocopy of the original text. Another has now been published by Vaughan, J.H. and A.H.M. Kirk-Greene, (eds.). 1995. The diary of Hamman Yaji: chronicle of a West African Muslim ruler. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

2. an annotated Index of the diary with information on all the peoples, places and persons mentioned, and

3. a paper by N. David (2012) 'A close reading of Hamman Yaji’s diary: slave raiding and montagnard responses in the mountains around Madagali (northeast Nigeria and northern Cameroon)' that analyzes Hamman Yaji's slaving strategies and practices and the resistance of the mountain peoples who were his prey. This also includes tables and maps.

N. David 2013. 'The Hidi Midden excavation: production of space
and the construction of Sukur history'. This is a downloadable report of an excavation that casts new light on Sukur history and the dating of its famous iron market.

N. David (ed.) 2012. Metals in Mandara Mountains society and culture. This edited volume was originally published by Africa World Press but withdrawn on account of some unacceptable illustrations. View the Contents here.

A digital version with quality illustrations is now available for download as .pdf files of the cover (691KB) and the text (4.53MB).
Alternatively, download the zip file (4.16MB).

David, N. and J. Sterner. 'In lieu of community archaeology? Mandara Archaeological Project (1984-2008) outreach and involvement in cultural heritage' was formerly posted here. However, it has now been published by Routledge in Community Archaeology and Heritage in Africa: decolonizing practice, edited by Peter R. Schmidt and Innocent Pikirayi (2016).


Available online

Smith, A. and N. David. 1995. The production of space and the house of Xidi Sukur. Current Anthropology 36 (3): 441-71.
Available online through JSTOR (Stable URL= http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28199506%2936%3A3%3C441%3ATPOSAT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-3) and through other organizations.

David, N. 1998. The ethnoarchaeology and field archaeology of grinding at Sukur, Adamawa State, Nigeria. African Archaeological Review 15 (1): 13-63.
Available online through Kluwer (http://www.kluweronline.com)


PDF versions of texts (to be added later)

David, N. and J. Sterner. 1995. Constructing a historical ethnography of Sukur, part I: demystification. Nigerian Heritage 4: 11-33.

David, N. and J. Sterner. 1996. Constructing a historical ethnography of Sukur, part II: iron and the 'classless industrial' society. Nigerian Heritage 5: 11-33. (Figures and Plates)

David, N. and J.A. Sterner. 1999. Wonderful society: the Burgess Shale creatures, Mandara chiefdoms and the nature of prehistory. In Beyond chiefdoms: pathways to complexity in Africa, S.K. McIntosh (ed.), pp. 97-109.

Sterner, J.A. and N. David. 2003. Action on matter: the history of the uniquely African tamper and concave anvil pot-forming technique. Journal of African Archaeology 1 (1): 1-36.


Items of costume - 921917

Items of Sukur women's costume readied for the dances at initiation.










Old Koji's storage - 921411

Pots in a lindo, a room used for storage and sometimes brewing.






















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